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The development of the power industry should focus on improving quality and efficiency

The development of the power industry should focus on improving quality and efficiency

Classification:
Industry News
Author:
Source:
2018/07/22 14:00
[Abstract]:
Thesmalladjustmentofthepowerindustry'sprosperityindexiscloselyrelatedtothemacroeconomicsituationandtemperaturefactors.Fromapositiveperspective,thechangesinthepowerindustryhavealsolargelyreflectedthepr
The small adjustment of the power industry's prosperity index is closely related to the macroeconomic situation and temperature factors. From a positive perspective, the changes in the power industry have also largely reflected the profound changes in China’s economic structure.
 
Since the beginning of this year, China's power supply and demand has been generally relaxed. According to the monitoring, in the second quarter of 2015, the China Power Economics Industry Climate Index was 97.8, down by 0.5 points from the previous quarter, and failed to extend the upward trend; the early warning index was 66.7, down 4.1 points from the previous quarter, still in the colder "light blue light" Area".
 
The small adjustment of the power industry's prosperity is closely related to the macroeconomic situation and temperature factors. On the one hand, in the second quarter, China's macro economy slowed down and stabilized, with an economic growth rate of 7.0%. Although it was flat with the first quarter, the momentum of economic structure optimization was obvious, the tertiary industry developed rapidly, and the development of the secondary industry was overcapacity. Due to factors such as insufficient market demand, the development momentum has slowed down. On the other hand, from the end of May to mid-June, the large-scale rainfall and temperature were lower than the same period of the previous year, which affected the growth of electricity consumption of residents and the tertiary industry.
 
Reflected in the electricity consumption index, the whole society's electricity consumption in the second quarter increased by 1.7% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 0.9 percentage points faster than the first quarter. From the internal structure, from January to June, the electricity consumption of the secondary industry decreased by 0.5% year-on-year; the electricity consumption of urban and rural residents increased by 4.8%; although the electricity consumption of the tertiary industry increased by 8.1% year-on-year, the electricity consumption was only 339.7 billion. Kilowatt hours.
 
From a positive perspective, the changes in the power industry have also largely reflected the profound changes in China's economic structure. For example, the growth rate of electricity consumption in the secondary industry was 0.5%, which was basically the same as the 0.6% decline in the first quarter. However, the slowdown in the slowdown has already begun, indicating that the industrial economy is slowing down. In industrial power, light industry electricity consumption was 320.5 billion kWh, an increase of 2.1% year-on-year. The growth rate was 0.3 percentage points faster than that of the first quarter, and heavy industry electricity consumption was down 0.9% year-on-year.
 
The growth rate of electricity consumption in high-energy-consuming industries has also diverged. From January to June, the total electricity consumption of chemical raw materials, non-metallic mineral products, ferrous metal smelting and non-ferrous metal smelting in the four high-energy industries totaled 819.1 billion kwh, down 1.5% year-on-year, and the growth rate dropped by 6.1 percentage points year-on-year; Electricity consumption accounts for 30.8% of the total electricity consumption of the whole society, and the contribution rate to the growth of electricity consumption in the whole society is -37.4%. In particular, the electricity consumption of the ferrous metals and building materials industries decreased by 6.5% and 6.4% respectively, and the contribution rate of the two to the growth of electricity consumption in the whole society was -83.1%. If these two industries were deducted, the secondary industry and industrial use. The electricity growth rate rose from a drop of 0.5% and a decrease of 0.4% to 1.2% and 1.3%, respectively, and the manufacturing growth rate rose from 0.1% to 2.9%.
 
Although the growth rate of electricity consumption in the whole society was only 1.3%, after the initial seasonal adjustment, the total profit of the power industry in the second quarter was 121.53 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.2%, and the growth rate dropped sharply by 22.5 percentage points from the previous quarter. In the second quarter, the price of thermal coal was still at a low level, leaving a certain room for thermal power companies to reduce production costs. However, the continued decline in downstream demand has led to a year-on-year decline in the utilization hours of power generation equipment, as well as the price of coal-fired power generation on-grid electricity and industrial and commercial electricity, which has squeezed the profit margin of power companies.
 
In terms of investment, after the initial seasonal adjustment, the total investment in fixed assets of the power industry in the second quarter was 142.60 billion yuan, down from 7.3% in the previous quarter to 3.7%. The growth rate of investment in the power industry has increased from decline to decline, mainly due to the year-on-year decline in investment completed by the power grid.
 
At present, China's power industry has entered a new stage of development, and efforts should be made to improve quality and efficiency and promote industrial transformation and upgrading. On the basis of reasonable control of new construction and production scale, it is necessary to speed up the construction of hydropower, nuclear power and peaking power supply, and improve the efficiency and efficiency of power asset utilization. It is necessary to moderately control the pace of new energy power generation construction, accelerate the construction of transmission channels across the provinces and distribution networks, accelerate the construction of distribution networks and intelligent upgrades, especially to strengthen the implementation of rural power grid construction and transformation, and improve the power system. The distributed power supply capacity and power quality are focused on solving the problems of water abandonment, wind abandonment and light abandonment; comprehensively implementing the requirements of the power system reform, and accelerating the research and formulation of various implementation rules on a pilot basis. In addition, the management of power demand side will be strengthened to improve the electrification level of the whole society and continuously increase the proportion of electric energy in terminal energy consumption.
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